Styles

In this section you can search all our contents throughout the different stages in the history of art in Spain, to find styles such as Baroque, Gothic, Mudejar and many, many more.

Picasso. 'Guernica' Modernism and Avant-garde movements The turn of the century brought new winds of modernity. The aesthetic sensibility of the time was marked by a different, freer attitude towards art and life.

Topics

In this section you can search among all our contents by topic to find the different resources available in Spain, such as museums, routes, destinations, monuments and many, many more.

Audience

This section provides access to all the contents in a personalised way, according to your own particular interests and socio-demographic profile.

Architecture and monuments / Castles and fortresses

Castles, fortresses, defensive walls and other military constructions

These mute witnesses to a past marked by wars, conflicts and invasions are still standing proud today. Throughout its history, Spain has undergone a series of prolonged periods of instability due to its role as a meeting point between civilisations. This was the site of the start of the second Punic War, when Hannibal crossed the territory with his fearsome elephants in order to confront the power of Rome. Later, eight centuries of intermittent struggle pitted Christians against Muslims. This gave way to a period of rivalry with other European empires, and to a succession of wars with our neighbours. It is therefore hardly surprising that the design and engineering of military constructions reached a pinnacle of development in Spain.

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