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Treasures of the Viceroyalties: a Latin-American journey around Spain

  • Façade of the Museum of the Americas, Madrid © Museo de América

    Façade of the Museum of the Americas, Madrid © Museo de América

  • Detail of an antependium from Mexico (17th century). Shrine of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, Villarrasa (Huelva). Photo courtesy of the Museum of the Americas

    Detail of an antependium from Mexico (17th century). Shrine of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, Villarrasa (Huelva). Photo courtesy of the Museum of the Americas

  • Palace of the Marquis of La Conquista,  Trujillo (Cáceres). Photo courtesy of the Museum of the Americas

    Palace of the Marquis of La Conquista, Trujillo (Cáceres). Photo courtesy of the Museum of the Americas

  • Detail of a chalice from Querétaro (18th century). Parish church of El Salvador, Cortegana (Huelva). Photo courtesy of the Museum of the Americas

    Detail of a chalice from Querétaro (18th century). Parish church of El Salvador, Cortegana (Huelva). Photo courtesy of the Museum of the Americas

  • Mark of the city of Querétaro (Mexico). Parish church of El Salvador, Cortegana (Huelva). Photo courtesy of the Museum of the Americas

    Mark of the city of Querétaro (Mexico). Parish church of El Salvador, Cortegana (Huelva). Photo courtesy of the Museum of the Americas

  
  


"For over three centuries, all types of objects came to the Iberian Peninsula from the territories in Latin America. ..."

For over three centuries, all types of objects came to the Iberian Peninsula from the territories in Latin America. Today these pieces provide a key to understanding their art, their customs and their historical context. “Treasures of the Viceroyalties” is a series of itineraries which start out from the Museum of the Americas in Madrid, and then continue all over Spain in pursuit of these works which constitute a valuable testimony to the common link between Spain and Latin America.

From the early 16th century until the early 19th century there were four Viceroyalties in Latin America: New Spain, Peru, New Granada and the River Plate. Governed by a viceroy on behalf of the Crown, these were the most important political and administrative bodies on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean.

Spain today conserves numerous objects dating from that time which were brought or donated by those who lived there (precious metalwork, sculptures, paintings, utensils, ceramics, documents…). These are pieces that you can see for yourself in museums, institutions and monuments through the programme of routes entitled “Treasures of the Viceroyalties”.

Itineraries and “crossings”

The suggested itineraries take in different areas of Madrid, Extremadura and Andalusia, and usually last between seven and twelve days. They are identified with the names of the galleons and ships which formed part of the fleet of the Indies. However all the routes have the same starting point: the Museum of the Americas which is a key reference point for all matters concerning the American continent. Without leaving Madrid, there are also “treasures” to be found in places such as the Naval Museum, the Monastery of the Descalzas Reales and the Royal Armoury at the Royal Palace.

And in Extremadura, among other destinations, our journey will take us to places which have the UNESCO World Heritage designation, such as Guadalupe Monastery and the city of Cáceres; and towns such as Trujillo and Jerez de los Caballeros, the birthplace of historical figures such as Núñez de Balboa.

In Andalusia, we'll be amazed to see rich collections of items from Latin America in tiny parish churches, as is the case for example of Cumbres Mayores and Cortegana. An obligatory stop is of course Seville, where the General Archive of the Indies, the palace of the Reales Alcázares, the Reales Atarazanas or royal dockyards, and the Torre del Oro tower are only the start of what can be seen in the city. There are still many more places waiting to be discovered, including the Monastery of La Rábida in Palos de la Frontera, and the towns of Huelva, Cadiz, Sanlúcar de Barrameda and Jerez de la Frontera.

Whichever route you choose, you are guaranteed a wonderful time exploring Spain in pursuit of this historic heritage which speaks of art, traditions and of daily life in the old viceroyalties of Latin America.

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