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Bull sculpture

  • Bull sculpture. Granada Archaeology and Ethnography Museum © Ministerio de Cultura

    Bull sculpture. Granada Archaeology and Ethnography Museum © Ministerio de Cultura





6th-5th centuries BC

Cultural background


Original title

Escultura de toro

For the Iberian culture, the bull was a symbol of the durability of life. That is why it appears in funeral places, like this item.

It is a freestanding sculpture, dating from the 6th-5th centuries BC, representing a standing bull looking forward. It was found in Arjona (Jaén) and it possibly belonged to a turriform monument (with several superimposed floors).

The mouth is a semicircular groove, while the nose has large round holes. . A vertex runs along the nasal septum and opens up in two when it reaches the front. The eyes are oval shaped and the pupils stand out. The horns were detachable: there are remains of the holes which were filled with lead. The neck is covered with locks of hair; the belly and ribcage are rounded, narrower at the waist, and the tail is broken.

Details of the work

Arjona (province of Jaén)


Height = 53 cm; Length = 142 cm; Width = 42.5 cm; Weight = 500 kg


Off-white limestone


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