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Dama de Ibiza (Lady of Ibiza)

  • Lady of Ibiza. National Archaeological Museum, Madrid © Santiago Relanzón. Fundación ITMA; Museo Arqueológico Nacional (N.I. 1923/60/541)

    Lady of Ibiza. National Archaeological Museum, Madrid © Santiago Relanzón. Fundación ITMA; Museo Arqueológico Nacional (N.I. 1923/60/541)

     
  

Category

Sculpture

Date

600 – 201 B.C.

Cultural background

Punic

Original title

Dama de Ibiza

Terracotta crafted according to the models of Sicily or Carthage. It could represent a divinity.

It has been identified with the Punic god Tanit, as a goddess who collects the dead in the next life, or the goddess of fertility and rebirth. This identification was made due to the profuse plant motifs on her robes and the Gorgon's head; although it has also been suggested that it could be the dead person herself transformed into the goddess.

The figure has been dated by stylistic criteria at between the 4th and 3rd century B.C. and was the product of a local workshop at a time when the complex society of Eivissa (Ibiza) was affirming its beliefs based on an agrarian society and took up foreign Greek elements of great influence at the time.

The clay body was made as a mould, with the arms and part of the profuse decoration added later. In the rear there is a hollow that allowed it to be held in a vertical position.
 

Details of the work

Object
Figure

Dimensions
Height = 32.5 cm; Width = 13.2 cm; Thickness = 7.5 cm

Technique
Baked

Material
Clay and gold

  

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