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Dama de Baza (Lady of Baza)

  • Lady of Baza. National Archaeological Museum, Madrid © Santiago Relanzón. Fundación ITMA; Museo Arqueológico Nacional (N.I. 1969/68/155/123A)

    Lady of Baza. National Archaeological Museum, Madrid © Santiago Relanzón. Fundación ITMA; Museo Arqueológico Nacional (N.I. 1969/68/155/123A)

     
  

Category

Sculpture

Date

First half, 4th century B.C.

Cultural background

Iberian

Original title

Dama de Baza

A funerary statue found in its original site. It was a landmark in terms of our knowledge of the culture of the ancient Iberians.

It is a seated figure on a throne, sculpted from a single stone block, stuccoed and painted in red, blue, white and black with a hollow in its right flank where the remains of a cremated woman were deposited.

The robes and adornments reveal this was a woman of high social status. This is corroborated by the throne on which she is seated and which recalls representations of Mediterranean goddesses. It has been interpreted as a funerary urn in the form of a mother goddess.

It was found inside an underground chamber during the excavation of the Iberian necropolis on the hill at the Baza Sanctuary (province of Granada). It revealed a great deal about the artistic environment and burial world of the ancient Iberians.
 

Details of the work

Object
Figure

Dimensions
Height = 133.5 cm; Maximum Width = 108 cm; Base: Width = 58.5 cm; Depth = 42 cm

Technique
Carved, Polychrome

Material
Sandstone, mineral pigment

  

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