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Female head

  • Female head. National Archaeological Museum, Madrid © Santiago Relanzón. Fundación ITMA; Museo Arqueológico Nacional (N.I. 32645)

    Female head. National Archaeological Museum, Madrid © Santiago Relanzón. Fundación ITMA; Museo Arqueológico Nacional (N.I. 32645)

     
  

Category

Sculpture

Date

First third of the 1st century B.C.

Cultural background

Roman

Original title

Cabeza femenina

A female head that was found together with another male head in an Iberian family shrine (“gentilician"), dedicated to a mythical ancestor or local hero that originated the social group.

The features are regular but inexpressive. Also preserved are other parts of the body, among them one of the arms.

These sculptures are part of a group in which the female figure, identified with Nike, would crown the male, who at the same time would hold a horse by the reins. This reflected the cult of a local indigenous chief who was hero-worshiped and deified.

Stylistically they present influences from the Italian peninsula. They represent a good example of the Romanisation of the indigenous elites, who maintained their ideology but adopted an imported aesthetic.

The family shrines were located in the highest part of Iberian settlements. In this case it was the Campos de Urnas settlement, subsequently Iberian, in Azaila (Teruel).
 

Details of the work

Object
Head

Dimensions
Height = 34 cm; Depth = 20 cm; Width = 33.5 cm

Technique
Cast

Material
Bronze

  

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