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Crown

  • Crown from the Treasure of Guarrazar. National Archaeological Museum, Madrid © Santiago Relanzón. Fundación ITMA; Museo Arqueológico Nacional (N.I. 71205)

    Crown from the Treasure of Guarrazar. National Archaeological Museum, Madrid © Santiago Relanzón. Fundación ITMA; Museo Arqueológico Nacional (N.I. 71205)

     
  

Category

Precious metalwork

Date

7th century

Cultural background

Visigothic

Original title

Corona

This jewel forms part of the Treasure of Guarrazar, a masterpiece of precious metalwork dating from the High Middle Ages.

A total of ten crowns survive from the Treasure of Guarrazar, as well as seven whole crosses, one incomplete cross and many precious stones. This example belongs to the group of crowns with repoussé plates, and has chains and a diadem. Hanging from the plain ring are four lengths of chain whose links support the diadem, formed by two semicircles of gold plate.

The crown's dimensions suggest that this was only an offering. Due to their less sumptuous nature, these types of crowns are thought to have been the gifts of civil and ecclesiastical personages in imitation of the king.

This and another similar crown from the same treasure may have influenced the decorative motifs sculpted on the stone friezes adorning the churches in Toledo at the time of the Visigoths, as well as various others throughout the region. 
 

Details of the work

Object
Crown

Dimensions
Maximum height = 21 cm.; Border: Thickness = 0.2 cm; Diadem: Height = 4 cm; Diameter = 13.5 cm.

Technique
Repoussé and laminated; pendant; strung and moulded

Material
Gold and glass

  

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