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Summa de Ecclesia contra impugnatores potestatis Summi Pontificis

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Original title

Summa de Ecclesia contra impugnatores potestatis Summi Pontificis

This defence of papal authority against the councils is one of the most fruitful works of theology of the cardinal and theologian Juan de Torquemada.

It is also one of the first works of ecclesiology, i.e. the systematisation of the Catholic doctrine on the Church itself through the use of an impressive documentation from the Bible and scholastic texts. Its influence in the field lasted practically until the second Vatican Council (1962).

It comprises four books: “On the Church in general", "On the Roman Church and the primacy of the Pope", "On the Universal Councils and their Authority" and "On the Schism and Heresy".

It also strongly influenced later works of a legal nature that Torquemada himself undertook, specifically in the legal and theological doctrine that should be applied at that key historical moment to the relations between ecclesiastical power and the nascent modern states.


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