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Literature, Narrative



Original title


This was the first and possibly the most famous novel that the writer and philosopher Miguel de Unamuno described as a 'nivola', a term he coined by combining the words 'novela' (meaning novel) and 'niebla' (fog or mist).

In his stage of mature creativity, Unamuno published a series of 'nivolas', a term or neologism the writer used to describe his own narrative fiction, consisting of a series of novels influenced by the Italian playwright Luigi Pirandello, with which he sought to distance himself from the prevailing 19th-century realistic novel.

The 'Pirandellian' aspect lies in the plot device: one of the characters decides to rebel against the author when he learns that he is nothing more than a creature of his invention. This is the 'Niebla' of the title, which addresses the problem of fiction or the reality of existence.

Unamuno also used contemporary narrative as a vehicle for exploring the philosophical issues that interested him, thus largely anticipating later writers such as the French authors Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus and Simone de Beauvoir.


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