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Escenas de Chamberí

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Original title

Escenas de Chamberí

This collective work in itself constitutes, beyond its own inherent musical value, one of the founding works of the Spanish zarzuela.

The zarzuela as a typically Spanish musical genre, as distinct from the Italian or French opera and with aspirations to becoming a 'national opera', was born in the mid 19th century under the auspices of a group of composers and librettists.
These included particularly the authors of that genuine zarzuela –with a libretto by Luis de Olona–, who a few years earlier had gathered to write and compose works for the theatre aimed at a wider public. They staged various famous works in the Teatro Variedades theatre, with its dance company, including this 'comical-lyrical-danceable caprice' comprising seven episodes or scenes from Madrid, each with an independent plotline.
Hernando wrote the fourth and fifth, a gallegada and polka respectively. Barbieri wrote the second (the burlesque song 'Canto del cesante') and the sixth (a trio with a chorus). Oudrid composed the first (a chorus and seguidillas) and the third (a caña), and finally Gaztambide composed the seventh and last, a grand dance with chorus.


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