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Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial

  • Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. Madrid © Turespaña

    Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. Madrid © Turespaña

  

Category

Monasteries and seminaries

Date

Siglo XVI

Style

Renaissance
Calle Juan de Borbón y Battemberg, s/n.
28200 San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Madrid
Madrid

Telephone+34 918905902 - +34 918905903

Fax+34 918907818

E-mailsecretaria.escorial@patrimonionacional.es

Websitehttp://www.patrimonionacional.es/real-sitio/monasterios/6172

The Monastery of El Escorial was the first example of the architectural style which came to be known as Herrerian after its creator, Juan de Herrera. Together with the royal site of El Escorial, it has been awarded the World Heritage designation by UNESCO.

Philip II used this Royal Site for his family pantheon. Construction work began in 1563 under Juan de Toledo, and on his death was continued by Juan de Herrera, who completed the building in 1584. It is built in granite and divided into three areas. The central area is the Kings’ Courtyard. There is a tower at each of its four corners measuring 55 metres, each crowned by a metal sphere. The building’s premises include the Ministries, Casa de los Oficios artisans’ houses, Compaña, where the company was quartered, and the Infantes and Reina rooms, all connected via arches. The church is laid out in the shape of a Greek cross and the funerary monuments to Charles V and Philip II can be seen in the main chapel. The library is also of particular interest. It is on the second floor of the west wing, and contains close to 45,000 documents from the 15th and 16th centuries. It was designated a Historic-Artistic site in 1971 and received the World Heritage designation in 1984. It is a large construction, as can be seen from its 15 cloisters, 13 oratories, 86 staircases, 88 fountains, more than 1,600 paintings, 9 towers and 73 sculptures.

Practical information

Timetables

 

Apr 01 to Sep 30

Tuesday to Sunday

Does not close at midday

10:00 AM to 8:00 PM

Closing days: Monday

 

Oct 01 to Mar 31

Tuesday to Sunday

Does not close at midday

10:00 AM to 6:00 PM

Closing days: Monday

Rates

 

General: €10

Reduced: €5

Children aged 5-16, over 65s from EU member states and Latin-American countries, and students with ID up to age 25.

Admission free: children under 5, on 18 May, large families, ICOM members, disabled persons, and on Wednesday and Thursday afternoons for EU and Latin-American citizens.

Services
Audio guides
Guided tours

Accessibility
Ramps
Wheelchairs

Reservations
Website: http://entradas.patrimonionacional.es

Find tourist information in the surroundings

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