Styles

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Picasso. 'Guernica' Modernism and Avant-garde movements The turn of the century brought new winds of modernity. The aesthetic sensibility of the time was marked by a different, freer attitude towards art and life.

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Puerta del Sol square

  • Equestrian statue of Charles III and the Madrid Regional Government building in the Puerta del Sol square. Madrid © Turespaña

    Equestrian statue of Charles III and the Madrid Regional Government building in the Puerta del Sol square. Madrid © Turespaña

  

Category

Square

Date

18th-19th centuries

Plaza de la Puerta del Sol s/n
28013 Madrid
Madrid
Madrid

Puerta del Sol is one of the nerve centres of Madrid. The first buildings surrounding this area were begun in the 16th Century, although the square took on the importance it holds today with the construction of the Casa de Correos building in 1768.

In the 19th Century the square was completely transformed and between 1857 and 1862 it took on its current look following the demolition of a number of buildings. This site, “kilometre zero” from which all radial roads out of Madrid start, has witnessed many different historical events, including the Esquilache Mutiny in 1766, the resistance against Napoleon’s troops on 2nd May 1808 and the coronation of Fernando VII in 1812. Puerta del Sol must not be missed. It features several attractions, such as the “Oso y Madroño” (the “Bear and the Strawberry Tree”) statue, next to Calle Alcalá, and the equestrian statue of Carlos III standing nine metres tall. The square is closely linked to the New Years Eve tradition of eating twelve grapes at midnight, one on each chime. The large clock that dominates the square sees the new year in for many Spanish people.

Find tourist information in the surroundings

Very interesting

Calendar See more

Annual display at the Show Technology Centre. Madrid © INAEM. Ministerio Cultura

Sep 1, 2016 to Apr 30, 2018

Course

Madrid
Advanced Diploma courses in Live Performance

Detail of the gallery where Guernica is exhibited © Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía

May 13, 2017 to Dec 12, 2017

Lecture, Seminar

Reina Sofía National Art Museum - Madrid
Lecture series: 'Becoming Guernica. Readings on War, Exile and Iconoclasm'

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Jun 28, 2017 to Jan 8, 2018

Exhibition

Reina Sofía National Art Museum - Madrid
Exhibition: NSK from Kapital to Capital. Neue Slowenische Kunst

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Sep 1, 2017 to Jun 30, 2018

Children's activity

National Anthropology Museum - Madrid
School group visits to the National Museum of Anthropology

Discover the surroundings See more

Services

spain is culture