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Picasso. 'Guernica' Modernism and Avant-garde movements The turn of the century brought new winds of modernity. The aesthetic sensibility of the time was marked by a different, freer attitude towards art and life.


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Spanish pavilion from the 1937 International Exhibition in Paris

  • Replica of the Spanish Pavilion at the 1937 Universal Exhibition in Paris. Barcelona © EFE

    Replica of the Spanish Pavilion at the 1937 Universal Exhibition in Paris. Barcelona © EFE



Architecture and civil engineering




Cardenal Vidal y Barraquer, 34-36
08035 Barcelona
Barcelona, Catalonia

Conceived at the height of the Spanish Civil War, it became the emblem of the modernity of the Republican government.

The vast majority of Spain's avant-garde artists made an appearance at this pavilion, which represented the government of the second Spanish Republic in the 1937 International Exhibition in Paris. It was here that Pablo Ruiz Picasso's painting 'Guernica' was presented to the world for the first time.
It was designed by Josep Lluís Sert and Luis Lacasa. Sert was a disciple of Le Corbusier and envisaged the building based on a clearly rationalist and supremely functional concept. Using prefabricated elements, he built a pavilion with three storeys linked by means of a stairway or side ramps, where the main feature was its transparency, both on the interior (fluidity) and on the exterior (glass and crystal).
In 1992 an exact replica was built in Barcelona, and is today the site of the Library of the Pavilion of the Republic and the Centre of International Historic Studies.

Find tourist information in the surroundings

Very interesting

Calendar See more

KwieKulik, Game on Morel's Hill, 1971, © KwieKulik Archive

Jul 11, 2014 to Jan 6, 2015


Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art (MACBA) - Barcelona
Exhibition: Oskar Hansen. Open form

The shrine of San Isidro on the day of the festivity. Francisco de Goya y Lucientes. Oil on canvas, 41.8 x 43.8 cm. 1788

Jul 16, 2014 to Jan 5, 2015


CaixaForum - Barcelona
Exhibition: Captive beauty. Small treasures at the Prado Museum

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Sep 19, 2014 to Feb 8, 2015


CaixaForum - Barcelona
Exhibition: The most important thing. Portraits of an escape

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Oct 25, 2014 to Feb 15, 2015


Joan Miró Foundation - Barcelona
Barcelona, neutral zone (1914-1918)

Discover the surroundings See more

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