Styles

In this section you can search all our contents throughout the different stages in the history of art in Spain, to find styles such as Baroque, Gothic, Mudejar and many, many more.

Picasso. 'Guernica' Modernism and Avant-garde movements The turn of the century brought new winds of modernity. The aesthetic sensibility of the time was marked by a different, freer attitude towards art and life.

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Romanesque

  • Cloister of the collegiate church of Santillana del Mar, Cantabria © Turespaña

    Cloister of the collegiate church of Santillana del Mar, Cantabria © Turespaña

  • Church of San Martín de Frómista, Palencia © Junta de Castilla y León

    Church of San Martín de Frómista, Palencia © Junta de Castilla y León

  • City walls, Avila © Turespaña

    City walls, Avila © Turespaña

  • Cloister of the Monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos © Turespaña

    Cloister of the Monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos © Turespaña

  • Zamora Cathedral © Junta de Castilla y León

    Zamora Cathedral © Junta de Castilla y León

  
  


" In the heart of the Middle Ages, around the year 1000, Romanesque art and aesthetics enjoyed its moment of maximum splendour."

Between the 10th and 13th centuries, a new artistic aesthetic emerged in the Christian kingdoms of the northernmost part of the Iberian Peninsula. This first international European style was given the name of Romanesque, owing to the aim to recover some of the political and cultural unity of the ancient Roman Empire, in this case under the spiritual guidance of the Christian Church: the artistic and spiritual conception of the French abbey of Cluny was essential for its development. Roman semi-circular arches were recovered as one of its defining characteristics - together with barrel vaults, sculptures on doors, façades, capitals and modillions, and the use of unpolished squared stones. In Spain, architecture and other arts embarked on a period of prodigious development and were enriched by a range of very diverse characteristics, influenced by the arrival of craftsmen from different countries –primarily France and Lombardy– along the Way of Saint James, as well as by the closeness to the Muslim world and the underlying native cultural elements.

  

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