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Saint John of the Cross

  • Saint John of the Cross © P. Rotger/Iberfoto

    Saint John of the Cross © P. Rotger/Iberfoto

  

Speciality

Literature

 

 

Date of birth

Jun 24, 1542

Date of death

1591
  


" Carmelite monk. He was the greatest mystic poet of the Spanish Renaissance. In 1952 he was proclaimed patron of Spanish poets."

Juan de Yepes Álvarez was born in Fontiveros (Ávila) in 1542. In 1564 he began his studies at the University of Salamanca, where he met Teresa de Jesús (1567). A spiritual friendship would develop between them that became fundamental in the life and work of both of them. In 1577 the Discalced Carmelites’ intrigues against him thrived and he was imprisoned in a convent in Toledo, where he wrote the first 31 stanzas of the “Canticles”. After fleeing, he sought refuge in Almodóvar. He spent the rest of his life in Andalusia, where he became a provincial vicar. In 1591 he again fell from grace and was stripped of all his religious duties. He was canonised in 1726 and proclaimed Doctor of the Church in 1926. He died in Úbeda (Jaén) in 1591.

 

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Cántico espiritual

    Work by the mystic Saint John of the Cross on the union between the soul and God.

    More info
  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Noche oscura del alma

    Saint John of the Cross combines religious ecstasy and poetic inspiration in the symbol of the "dark night", the centre of his doctrine.

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  • Declaration of the Songs, on the exercise of love between the soul and Christ the Husband... Madrid © Biblioteca Nacional de España

    The Declaration of the Songs, on the exercise of love between the soul and Christ the Husband...

    Key text to highlight the connection between San Juan the poet and San Juan the spiritual guide.

    Spanish National Library (Madrid)

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Other highlighted works

  • The Living Flame of Love
  • Ascent of Mount Carmel
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