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Salvador Dalí

  • Salvador Dalí © EFE

    Salvador Dalí © EFE

  

Speciality

Painting

 

 

Date of birth

1904

Date of death

1989
  


" Painter. He is considered one of the foremost representatives of Surrealism. He is known for his arresting and dreamlike images."

He was born in Figueres (Girona) in 1904. He joined the group of poets and artists known as the Generation of '27. His first paintings, the Yellow Manifesto (1928), and his articles and lectures (1930) provoked violent reactions. Living in Paris from the end of the 1920s, he became a key figure in pictorial surrealism. There, he met the wife of Paul Eluard, Gala Helena Diakonova, whom he married. In 1939 he moved to the United States. He divided his time between the United States and Portlligat, whose landscape became once again his work’s main motif. He was expelled from the Surrealist movement, accused by André Breton of being a fascist. When he returned to Spain in 1948, he claimed to follow the spiritual tradition of Zurbaran and the great mystics of Spanish literature. He died in Figueres in 1989.

Essential works

  • ‘Un chien andalou’ © Colección Filmoteca Española

    Un Chien Andalou (script, interpretation)

    Emblematic work of surrealistic cinema, jointly created by Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí based on their own dreams. 
     

    More info
  • Salvador Dalí. Drawing of the décor and the costumes for 'Don Juan Tenorio'. National Theatre Museum, Almagro © De las reproducciones autorizadas, VEGAP, 2011

    Don Juan Tenorio, by José Zorrilla

    Wardrobe design that demonstrates that Dalí was also an excellent set and costume designer for both theatre and film.

    National Theatre Museum (Almagro)

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  • Salvador Dalí. Study for Soft Construction with Boiled Beans. Patio Herreriano Museum in Valladolid © C.A.C.TECNICAS REUNIDAS, S.A.- Museo Patio Herreriano/ De las reproducciones autorizadas, VEGAP, 2011

    Study for Soft Construction with Boiled Beans

    Preparatory sketches for the work "Premonition of Civil War", carried out two years before the final piece.

    Museum of Contemporary Spanish Art. Patio Herreriano (Valladolid)

    More info
  • Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí.'Un chien andalou'. National Reina Sofía Art Centre. Madrid © Colección Filmoteca Española / De las reproducciones autorizadas, VEGAP, 2011

    Video projection of 'Un chien andalou'

    This film is key to understanding the nature and revolutionary scope of Surrealism, as well as the contribution of Spanish artists to this movement.

    Reina Sofía National Art Museum (Madrid)

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  • Salvador Dalí. ‘Visage du Grand Masturbateur’. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. Madrid © De las reproducciones autorizadas, VEGAP, 2011

    Face of the Great Masturbator

    This painting is the supreme symbol of Dalí's sexual obsessions and was mentioned even by the artist himself in his literary work 'The secret life of Salvador Dalí'.

    Reina Sofía National Art Museum (Madrid)

    More info

Other highlighted works

  • Persistence of Memory
  • Soft construction with boiled beans
  • The Enigma of Desire
  • The Invisible Man
  • Face of Mae West Which May Be Used as a Surrealist Apartment
  • The Madonna of Port Lligat
  • Christ of Saint John of the Cross

Very interesting

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