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Ramón María del Valle Inclán

  • Etching of the writer Ramón María del Valle Inclán © EFE

    Etching of the writer Ramón María del Valle Inclán © EFE



Literature, Theatre



Date of birth

Oct 28, 1866

Date of death


" Writer, poet and playwright. He created the esperpento, expressionist theatre opposed to the ruling bourgeois realism. His "Sonatas" are the main contribution of Spanish arts to Modernism."

Ramón José Simón Valle Peña was born in Vilanova de Arousa, in 1869. In 1890, the death of his father enabled him to quit his degree in Law. He met Rubén Darío in Madrid and travelled to Mexico, where he worked as a journalist for a year. Back in Spain, he often went to gatherings in cafés and was friends with Azorín, Benavente and Pío Baroja. In 1899 he lost an arm in a fight with the journalist Manuel Bueno. In 1907, he married the actress Josefina Blanco. Ideologically, he went from reactionary Carlism to revolutionary anarchism. This evolution is reflected in his works, which move between two extremes: decadent aesthetics at the beginning; deforming brazenness in his esperpentos. He died in Santiago de Compostela, in 1935.

Essential works

  • 'Bohemian Lights' © EFE

    Bohemian Lights

    A masterpiece of 20th century Spanish literature, with which Valle-Inclán starts a grotesque cycle, harshly criticising the society of his time.

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  • Work of culture - Generic image


    This is the name of four novels that make up a narrative corpus, published by the prolific writer Ramón María del Valle-Inclán between 1902 and 1905.

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  • Work of culture - Generic image

    The Tyrant Banderas

    Towering work of Valle-Inclán in which he uses grotesque elements (esperpento) in a novel for the first time.

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  • 'Divine Words'. National Drama Centre © Ministerio de Cultura

    Divine words

    Play by Valle-Inclán, as part of his mythical cycle, in which violence, lust, irrational elements and death control the lives of the protagonists.

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Other highlighted works

  • The Marquis of Bradomin
  • Tablado de marionetas para educación de príncipes
  • Retablo de la avaricia, la locura y la muerte
  • Martes de carnaval


Divine words © Ministerio de Cultura


Divine words
spain is culture