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Ramon Llull

  • Detail of a work by Ramón Llull © EFE

    Detail of a work by Ramón Llull © EFE

  

Speciality

Literature

 

 

Dates

Born: ca. 1233

Died: ca. 1315
  


" Theologian, philosopher and poet. His work attained a high degree of mystical speculation and influenced thinkers such as Giordano Bruno or Leibniz."

Llull was born in Palma de Mallorca around 1233. He had a dissipated youth, before becoming private tutor and valet to the future King James II of Mallorca. When he reached 30, he became a tertiary member of the Franciscan Order. At Raimundo de Peñafort’s recommendation, Llull studied philosophy and theology, Arab medicine, language and philosophy. Fruit of this was his most famous work, 'Ars magna'. Another work from this period is 'Contemplació en Déu', in which he criticises the position of the Greek and Arab philosophers, and reviews the theology of his times. He dedicated his entire life and efforts to the conversion of infidels, which is why he travelled extensively throughout Europe, Asia and Africa. On one of these trips, he was stoned and subsequently died from his wounds in Bugía (Algeria) towards 1315.

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Ars magna

    The Majorcan philosopher, poet, mystic, novelist and missionary, Ramón Llull, was the creator of ‘Arte’, a personal philosophical system the influence of which lasted beyond the Middle Ages.

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  • 'Ars generalis ultima'. National Public Library in Palma de Mallorca © Ministerio de Cultura

    Ars generalis ultima

    This was the last and most comprehensive expression of the system advocated by Llul which, together with the shorter version (the “Ars brevis”), enjoyed great fame all over Europe.

    National Public Library in Palma Can Sales (Palma)

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  • 'Compendium seu commentum artis demonstrativae'. National Public Library in Palma de Mallorca © Ministerio de Cultura

    Compendium artis demonstrative

    The Compendium forms part of a set of texts dedicated to explaining the “Ars demonstrativa”, considered by Llul to be his best and most important work.

    National Public Library in Palma Can Sales (Palma)

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  • 'Liber de gentili et tribus sapientibus' by Ramón Llull. National Public Library in Palma de Mallorca © Ministerio de Cultura

    Liber de gentili et tribus sapientibus, by Ramón Llull

    In this manuscript, Ramón Llull compares the three monotheist regligions.

    National Public Library in Palma Can Sales (Palma)

    More info

Other highlighted works

  • Contemplació en Déu

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