In this section you can search all our contents throughout the different stages in the history of art in Spain, to find styles such as Baroque, Gothic, Mudejar and many, many more.

Picasso. 'Guernica' Modernism and Avant-garde movements The turn of the century brought new winds of modernity. The aesthetic sensibility of the time was marked by a different, freer attitude towards art and life.


In this section you can search among all our contents by topic to find the different resources available in Spain, such as museums, routes, destinations, monuments and many, many more.


This section provides access to all the contents in a personalised way, according to your own particular interests and socio-demographic profile.

Rafaela Aparicio

  • Rafaela Aparicio © Begoña Rivas / EL MUNDO

    Rafaela Aparicio © Begoña Rivas / EL MUNDO






Date of birth

Apr 9, 1906

Date of death


" Actress. She is one of the most beloved comic actresses of mid-20th century Spanish cinema. Aparicio is renowned for her effortless improvisation."

She was born in Marbella in 1906. Her debut came when she was 23 in "El conflicto de Mercedes" by the brothers Álvarez Quintero. Shortly after the Spanish Civil War broke out, she began to make comedies. She opened in "Cuidado con la Paca" in the Teatro de la Comedia in Madrid, which became both home and workplace for her during the conflict. Starting in 1950, Aparicio acted in the theatres Infanta Isabel and María Guerrero de Madrid. Her first role in movies was in “La gran mentira” together with Francisco Rabal. This was followed by 150 full-length films, among which the film “Mamá cumple 100 años” is especially worthy of mention. As a part of the pioneers in television, she participated in “Escala en Hi-Fi” or “La casa de los Martínez”. She died in 1996.


Gold Medal for Merit in Work (1978)
Honorary Goya Award (1988)
National Film Award (1991)

Essential works

  • Strange Voyage. Photo courtesy of the Spanish Film Archive

    Strange Voyage (interpretation)

    A black comedy, praised by critics, notable for its daring nature and fine interpretations. 

    More info
  • The South. Photo courtesy of the Spanish Film Archive

    The South (interpretation)

    This is a Spanish film classic. Nevertheless, it is an unfinished work, as shooting of the film has to end some weeks before planned because of lack of money. 

    More info
  • Atraco a las tres. Photo courtesy of the Spanish Film Archive

    Atraco a las tres (interpretation)

    One of the most popular and appreciated Spanish films.

    More info
  • Our Father. Photo courtesy of the Spanish Film Archive

    Our Father (interpretation)

    The film won the Grand Prize of the Americas at the Montreal World Film Festival.

    More info
spain is culture