In this section you can search all our contents throughout the different stages in the history of art in Spain, to find styles such as Baroque, Gothic, Mudejar and many, many more.

Picasso. 'Guernica' Modernism and Avant-garde movements The turn of the century brought new winds of modernity. The aesthetic sensibility of the time was marked by a different, freer attitude towards art and life.


In this section you can search among all our contents by topic to find the different resources available in Spain, such as museums, routes, destinations, monuments and many, many more.


This section provides access to all the contents in a personalised way, according to your own particular interests and socio-demographic profile.

Rafael Azcona

  • Rafael Azcona © Carlos Miralles / EL MUNDO

    Rafael Azcona © Carlos Miralles / EL MUNDO






Date of birth

Oct 24, 1926

Date of death


"Writer and scriptwriter. His professional trajectory contributed to modern Spanish cinema known as "nuevo cine español". Azcona also tried his hand at theatre and television."

He was born in Logroño in 1926 and moved to Madrid in 1951, where he collaborated with the magazine “La Codorniz”. Rafael Azcona wrote various novels, but he discovered that scripts were much easier for him. His first script, “El Pisito”, would be directed in 1958 by Marco Ferreri, with whom he would return to work with for “El Cochecito”. The success of these works made him essential for directors such as Luis García Berlanga (“Plácido”, “The National Shotgun”), Carlos Saura (“La Madriguera”), José Luis Cuerda (“El Bosque Animado”) or Fernando Trueba (“Belle Époque”). Likewise, he adapted the work “Ay, Carmela” for the movies; and his script “El verdugo” for theatre. In 1999, he published the book “Estrafalario” with an anthology of his works. He also adapted the novel “Memorias de Adriano” for television. He died in 2008.


National Film Award (1982)
Goya Best Screenplay Award (1988)
Goya award for the best adapted screenplay (1991)
Goya award for the best original screenplay (1993)
Goya award for the best adapted screenplay (1994)
Gold Medal for Merit in Fine Arts (1994)
Honorary Goya Award (1998)
Madrid Region Culture Award (1999)
Goya award for the best adapted screenplay (2000)
Goya award for the best adapted screenplay (2008)

Essential works

  • ¡Ay, Carmela! © EFE

    ¡Ay, Carmela! (script)

    A bitter sweet comedy set in the divided sides of Spain facing each other in the Civil War, winner of 13 Goya awards.

    More info
  • El bosque animado © EFE

    El bosque animado (script)

    Based on the novel by the Galician writer, Wenceslao Fernández Flórez, this portrayal of customs and manners mixes humour, reality and legend to create a fantastic universe of characters.

    More info
  • Film - Generic image

    El cochecito (script)

    A portrayal of the illusions and problems of Spanish society in the 1950s, with much black humour. 

    More info
  • Film - Generic image

    The Little Apartment (script)

    Black humour comedy, based on the novel of the same title by Rafael Azcona, which portrays the problems of a couple when trying to get a home in the 1950s.

    More info
  • The Executioner © EFE

    The Executioner (script)

    A sarcastic and ironic reflection on human nature. Considered one of the best Spanish films.

    More info

Other highlighted works

  • Los Muertos No Se Tocan, Nene
  • Los Europeos
  • Pobre, Paralítico y Muerto
  • Los Ilusos
  • El Pisito
  • El Cochecito
  • The Executioner
  • Plácido
  • The National Shotgun
  • National Heritage
  • National III
  • El Bosque Animado
  • Butterfly
  • Tranvía a la Malvarrosa
  • Cadaqués 27
  • The Paella
spain is culture