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Pablo Ruiz Picasso

  • Pablo Ruiz Picasso © EFE

    Pablo Ruiz Picasso © EFE






Date of birth

Oct 25, 1881

Date of death


"Painter, sculptor, engraver and draughtsman. He is one of the geniuses of modern art, and together with Georges Braque and Juan Gris, the creator of Cubism."

He was born in Malaga in 1881. Between 1901 and 1907 his work evolved through what are known as his 'blue' and 'pink' periods, characterised by the use of those colours, and by the theme of isolated figures showing gestures of sorrow and suffering. He had a keen interest in Cézanne, and based on his work would develop a new pictorial formula together with his friend Braque: cubism. In 1912 he started including collage in his painting. The surrealist movement of 1925 served as a turning point and led to the appearance of distorted figures in his work. The outbreak of the Spanish Civil War and the bombing of the town of Guernica inspired him to create one of the most famous works of contemporary art. In his last years he worked in a highly personal style using bright colours and unusual forms. He died in Mougins (France) in 1973.

Essential works

Other highlighted works

  • Familiar acrobats
  • Les demoiselles d'Avignon
  • Guitar
  • Still life with ox head
  • Ambroise Vollard
  • Gertrude Stein
  • Pablo dressed as a harlequin
  • Dora Maar
  • Las Meninas
  • Bullfighting
  • Jug with apples
  • The swimmer
  • Woman's head
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