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Miguel de Unamuno

  • Joaquín Sorolla. Portrait of Unamuno, c. 1912. Oil on canvas. 143 x 105 cm. Bilbao Museum of Fine Arts © Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao

    Joaquín Sorolla. Portrait of Unamuno, c. 1912. Oil on canvas. 143 x 105 cm. Bilbao Museum of Fine Arts © Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao

  • Miguel de Unamuno © EFE

    Miguel de Unamuno © EFE

  

Speciality

Literature

 

 

Date of birth

Sep 29, 1864

Date of death

1936
  


"Poet, playwright, novelist and essayist. He is one of the greatest examples of the philosophy-moral current that drove and supported the critical work by the Generation of 98."

Unamuno was born in Bilbao in 1864 and died in Salamanca in 1936, a city at whose university he was a professor in Greek and the rector. His initial intellectual concerns centred on ethical issues and the reasons for his faith, but philosophy and its systems quickly became insufficient. Unamuno the writer then appeared (Mist, 1914) who reached his zenith in Aunt Tula (1921). He also wrote poetry as a vehicle for his thinking. Disappointed by the 2nd Republic he had initially supported, he lent his prestige to the nationalist forces at the start of the Civil War, to later retract in his famous response to Millán-Astray when he again took up his post as rector at Salamanca. He was a complex figure due to his radical intellectual independence.

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Tragic Sense of Life

    For numerous specialists, this essay contains the clearest and most comprehensive expression of the philosophical thought of Miguel de Unamuno, one of the most important intellectual figures in Spain before the Spanish Civil War.

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  • Work of culture - Generic image

    The other

    This play is subtitled 'Misterio en tres jornadas y un epílogo' (Mystery in three acts and an epilogue) and forms part of what was known as experimental theatre, which Unamuno and others introduced into Spain.

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  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Mist

    This was the first and possibly the most famous novel that the writer and philosopher Miguel de Unamuno described as a 'nivola', a term he coined by combining the words 'novela' (meaning novel) and 'niebla' (fog or mist).

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  • Work of culture - Generic image

    The Life of Don Quixote and Sancho

    A very personal essay on 'Don Quixote', the magnum opus by Miguel de Cervantes, by one of the most quixotic intellectuals in Spanish culture.

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Other highlighted works

  • Three Exemplary Novels and a Prologue
  • Aunt Tula
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