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Margarita Xirgu

  • Margarita Xirgu

    Margarita Xirgu






Date of birth

Jul 18, 1888

Date of death


" Actress. She shocked the public of her day due to her refusal to adapt to theatrical norms, and broke new ground with her performances. Together with the poet García Lorca they formed an outstanding author-actor bond."

Born in Molins de Rei (Barcelona) in 1888, she joined the Romea Theatre in 1906 as a professional in the play 'Mar y cielo'. She caused a scandal in 1910 with the première of Oscar Wilde’s 'Salomé': it was the first time that an actress had appeared on stage in a swimming costume, barefoot and with shaved legs. In 1914 she worked in the Teatro Español theatre in Madrid playing roles in works by Valle-Inclán, Casona and Lorca. Picasso designed the costumes for her performance in 'The Shoemaker’s Prodigious Wife' in Madrid (1930). She took the role of 'Medea' in the Roman theatre in Mérida in 1933, which marked the start of the famous Classical Theatre Festival. After touring South America as she settled in Uruguay where she performed works by Spanish authors. She was director of the Municipal School of Dramatic Arts in Montevideo in 1949. Her last appearance on stage was in 1962, on the occasion of the fourth centenary of the birth of Lope de Vega, in 'Peribáñez y el comendador de Ocaña'. She died in Montevideo in 1969. In 1988, the Catalan Regional Government repatriated her remains.

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