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Luis García-Berlanga

  • Luis García-Berlanga © José Aymá / EL MUNDO

    Luis García-Berlanga © José Aymá / EL MUNDO






Date of birth

Jun 12, 1921

Date of death


"Film director. Some of his films, such as "Bienvenido, Mr. Marshall!”, “El verdugo” and “Plácido” have become classics of the Spanish cinema."

He was born in Valencia in 1921. He fought on the Republican side in the last months of the Spanish Civil War, and later formed part of the Blue Division. After his return from Russia he began his film studies. Following graduation as a director he made his first film “Una Pareja feliz” in 1951. The following year he premiered “¡Bienvenido, Mr. Marshall!”, a grotesque satire on the Spanish society of the time, which received an award in Cannes. In the 1960s he made two of his most famous films: “Plácido” and “El verdugo”, with screenplays by Rafael Azcona. In 1978 he was named president of the National Film Institute. He also received the National Film Award in 1981 and the Príncipe de Asturias Prize for the Arts in 1986. He died in Madrid in 2010.


Black Humour Award in Venice (1963)
National Film Award (1981)
Gold Medal for Fine Arts (1983)
Príncipe de Asturias Award for the Arts (1986)
Medal of Honour from the Association of Spanish Film Historians (2002)
International Medal for the Arts of the Madrid Region (2003)
Madrid Region Culture Award (1994) 

Essential works

  • Welcome Mr. Marshall © EFE

    Welcome Mr. Marshall! (direction, script)

    Under the guise of a comedy of manners, this great box office success is really a work of social criticism. Its main song and many of its phases have gained mythical status in Spanish cinema.

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  • The Executioner © EFE

    The Executioner (direction)

    A sarcastic and ironic reflection on human nature. Considered one of the best Spanish films.

    More info
  • The National Shotgun © EFE

    The National Shotgun (direction, script)

    A comedy with a series of sketches harshly criticising the last period of Franco’s regime. The scenes and dialogues are right on target in their depiction of several archetypes.

    More info
  • Placido. Photo courtesy of the Spanish Film Archive

    Placido (direction, script)

    Black humour to criticise incisively the hypocrisy of the middle class. Yet another brilliant comedy by the director Luis García Berlanga.

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Other highlighted works

  • Todos a la cárcel

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