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Luis de Góngora y Argote

  • Portrait of Luis de Góngora illustrating the manuscript 'Obras de D. Luis de Góngora' © Biblioteca Nacional de España

    Portrait of Luis de Góngora illustrating the manuscript 'Obras de D. Luis de Góngora' © Biblioteca Nacional de España






Date of birth

Jul 11, 1561

Date of death


" Golden Age poet and playwright. Greatest exponent of the "culteranismo" movement, opposed to the "conceptismo" by Quevedo."

He was born in Cordoba in 1561 and studied in Salamanca (1576 - 1580). His first poem was published in 1580. In 1585 he was praised by Cervantes for his "Song of Calliope". 1613 was his best year: He published "Polifemo" and his poem "The Solitudes" was released in the court of Valladolid. It was very polemical because of its dark tone and artifices, causing him to get a number of followers and enemies, with Quevedo amongst the latter. In 1617 he settled in Madrid and was ordained a priest. He worked as the king's chaplain thanks to the Duke of Lerma. Except for two comedies that did not take off, Góngora mostly wrote poetry. His influence in Spanish poetry was so great that it even reached the great Lope de Vega, and replaced Garcilaso de la Vega's until well into the 18th century. He died in Cordoba in 1627.

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image

    The Fable of Polyphemus and Galatea

    An epic poem by Luis de Góngora about Polyphemus and Galatea, in which he lays the foundations for culteranismo or gongorismo (highly ornamental writing).

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  • Work of culture - Generic image

    The Solitudes

    An unfinished poetical composition by Luis de Góngora in which he starts on the path towards free verse.

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  • Works of Luis de Góngora. Madrid © Biblioteca Nacional de España

    Luis de Góngora's Works

    Manuscript copy of Góngora's poems by Antonio Chacón, with whom the author probably collaborated. It is an essential document to transmit the work by this writer.

    Spanish National Library (Madrid)

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