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Luis Buñuel

  • Luis Buñuel © EFE

    Luis Buñuel © EFE






Date of birth

Feb 22, 1900

Date of death

Jul 29, 1983

" Writer, screenwriter and director. Many of his film creations were inspired by Surrealism."

He was born in Calanda (Teruel) on 22 February, 1900. After his high school studies in Zaragoza, in 1917 he entered the Residencia de Estudiantes cultural institution in Madrid, where he met Federico García Lorca and Salvador Dalí. In 1924 he moved to Paris and worked as an assistant to the filmmaker Jean Epstein. In 1929 he released his first film, 'Un chien Andalou', with a screenplay by Dalí. This was followed by 'The golden age'. In Mexico he shot 'The forgotten' (1947), which won him his first prize for best director at the Cannes Film Festival in 1951. In 1961 he returned to Spain and began filming 'Viridiana', which won him the Palme d'Or in Cannes. In 1967 he received the Golden Lion at the Venice film Festival for 'Belle de jour'. He died in Mexico on July 29, 1983.


Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival (1961)
Gold Medal for Merit in Fine Arts (1981)
Great Cross of Isabella the Catholic (1983)

Essential works

  • Belle de jour © EFE

    Belle de jour: Bella de día (direction, script)

    Buñuel uses surrealist principles to enter into the most intimate depths of human nature. The film is full of details expressing the director’s own obsessions and themes of interest.

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  • The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie © EFE

    The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (direction, script)

    With this film, the director Luis Buñuel became the first Spanish person to win an Oscar. 

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  • Film - Generic image

    Land Without Bread (direction, script)

    A documentary film that was censored for years for its denunciation of the extreme poverty of one of Spain’s most underdeveloped regions of the period.

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  • Filming. Tristana ©EFE

    Tristana (direction, script)

    Luis Buñuel filmed this adaptation of Benito Pérez Galdós’ novel in the city of Toledo. 

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  • ‘Un chien andalou’ © Colección Filmoteca Española

    Un Chien Andalou (direction, script)

    Emblematic work of surrealistic cinema, jointly created by Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí based on their own dreams. 

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Other highlighted works

  • The golden age
  • Nazarín
  • The exterminating angel
  • The Milky Way
  • That obscure object of desire
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