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Juan Hidalgo de Polanco

  • Artist / Creator - Generic image





Date of birth


Date of death

Mar 31, 1685

"Composer. “El laurel de Apolo”, with text by Calderón de la Barca, was one of the first lyrical theatre compositions that received the name “Zarzuela”."

Born in Madrid in 1614, this composer was one of theatre music’s most sought after authors during the second half of the seventeenth century. In 1631, Calderón de la Barca entered as harpist and harpsichordist in the Royal Chapel, where he served for the rest of his life as the most important musical figure in the Court. It was during this post that he invented a new instrument that came to be called the Claviharp. In 1658, he wrote the music for “Triunfos de amor y fortuna” by Antonio de Solís. The composer likewise set music to texts by Juan Bautista Diamante, Francisco de Avellaneda or Juan Vélez de Guevara. The opera “Celos aun del aire matan”, with libretto by Calderón de la Barca, premiered on 5 December 1660 at the Buen Retiro Palace. He died on 31 March 1685.


Essential works

  • ‘Celos aún del aire matan’ © EFE

    Celos aún del aire matan

    A Baroque opera in three acts with music by Juan Hidalgo and libretto by Calderón de la Barca, the great playwright of the Spanish Golden Age.

    More info

Other highlighted works

  • La púrpura de la rosa (The Blood of the Rose)
  • Esperar, sentir, morir (Wait, Feel, Die)

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