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Juan de Villanueva

  • Artist / Creator - Generic image





Date of birth

Sep 15, 1739

Date of death


" Architect. He is considered to be the greatest representative, together with Ventura Rodríguez, of the generation of Spanish artists of the second half of the 18th century."

He was born in Madrid in 1739. His father was the sculptor Juan de Villanueva, and when he was 11 he started attending the San Fernando School of Fine Arts. In 1758 he moved to Rome, where he studied classical models until 1766. On returning to Spain, he was appointed chief architect of the Order of Los Jerónimos in El Escorial, where he discovered Juan de Herrera's work. Later on he worked in the service of Charles III and the Royal Household. He was one of the key figures of the new urban development in Madrid planned by Charles III. Some of the most representative works of this period were his, such as the Natural History Museum, which is the Prado Museum today, and the Botanical Garden. He died in Madrid in 1811.

Essential works

  • Casa del Labrador house in Aranjuez Madrid © Turespaña

    Casa del Labrador House in Aranjuez

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  • Monument - Generic image

    Casas de Oficios and Casas de Infantes buildings

    Both architectural compounds are perfectly integrated with the architectural style of the monastery of El Escorial.

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  • Casita del Infante (Casita de Arriba) house in San Lorenzo de El Escorial. Madrid © Turespaña

    Casita del Infante (Infante’s House) or Casita de Arriba (Upper House) in San Lorenzo de El Escorial

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  • Edificio de la Real Academia de la Historia. Madrid. © Real Academia de Historia.

    Royal Academy of History building

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Other highlighted works

  • Prado National Museum (Madrid)
  • Plaza Mayor square (Madrid)
  • Botanical Garden (Madrid)
  • General North Cemetery (Madrid)
  • Astronomic Observatory (Madrid)
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