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Juan de Torquemada

  • Juan de Torquemada © Iberfoto

    Juan de Torquemada © Iberfoto






Date of birth


Date of death


" Dominican theologian. He contributed to strengthening the Pope's power in times of national rebellions against the Catholic Church.

He was born in Valladolid in 1388, and became an Expert in Theology from Paris University (1425). He defended the Pope's authority in the Council of Basel against conciliarists. Prior of Valladolid and Toledo; Pope Eugene IV appointed him maestro of the Sacred Palace (1434); he was cardinal of San Sixto (1439) and bishop of Cadiz, Ourense, León, Palestrina and Sabina. He contributed to the sentence on the heretic and social movements led by Jan Hus and John Wickliffe. He took part in the attempts to fuse the Roman Church with the Greek Church at the Councils of Ferrara and Florence, in 1438 and 1439. The "Tractatus contra madianitas et ismaelitas" was a passionate defence of converts. His most outstanding work was "Summa de ecclesia", a veritable apology of the Pope's power. He died in Rome in 1438.

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Summa contra Ecclesiae et primatus Petri adversarios

    This defence of papal authority against the councils is one of the most fruitful works of theology of the cardinal and theologian Juan de Torquemada.

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