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José de Espronceda

  • José de Espronceda © M.C.Esteban/Iberfoto

    José de Espronceda © M.C.Esteban/Iberfoto






Date of birth

Mar 25, 1808

Date of death


" Novelist, playwright and poet. His lyrical works enjoyed great popularity and he is considered the most outstanding Spanish Romantic poet."

José de Espronceda y Delgado was born in Almendralejo (Badajoz) in 1808. Coming from a noble family with military roots, he entered the Artillery College. He abandoned his studies there in order to study with Alberto Lista. From a very early age, he was drawn to literature and politics, an activity that led him to prison and exile. In 1823, together with Patricio de la Escosura, he founded the Numancian Secret Society. The repression that followed the Liberal Triennium led to his imprisonment in Guadalajara. Later, while in exile in London, he came into contact with the work of the Romantic writers, Lord Byron and Walter Scott. He published his historical novel, “Sancho Saldaña”, in 1834, and he wrote a number of comedies and the drama, “Blanca de Borbón”. It is his lyrical work that has gained him general recognition. He died in Madrid in 1842.

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image

    The devil world

    Romantic poem where José de Espronceda builds an allegory of human existence.

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  • Work of culture - Generic image

    El estudiante de Salamanca

    José de Espronceda writes one of the best poems of the 19th century.

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