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José de Echegaray

  • José de Echegaray © CAGP/Iberfoto

    José de Echegaray © CAGP/Iberfoto






Date of birth

Apr 19, 1832

Date of death


" Engineer, mathematician, playwright and politician, he is considered to be the greatest Spanish mathematician of the 19th century. He was the first Spaniard to be awarded the Nobel Prize."

Born in Madrid in 1832, he premiered 67 plays, 34 in verse, which were a great success amongst audiences at the time. In 1896 he was elected as a member of the Royal Academy of Language. He twice served as chairman of the Academy of Exact Sciences. In his early years, his works were filled with romantic melancholy but afterwards took on a more social tone, clearly influenced by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. The Swedish Academy awarding him the Nobel Prize alongside poet Frédéric Mistral shocked the literary avant-garde. Upon Ramón y Cajal’s suggestion, the Academy of Sciences created the ‘Echegaray Medal’ in 1907, the first of which was awarded to its namesake. He died in Madrid in 1916.


Nobel Prize for Literature (1904)
Echegaray Medal from the Royal Academy of Sciences (1907)

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image


    A play by José de Echegaray, which is the culmination of the renovation process of Spanish theatre, and includes the realist and symbolic style of Ibsen.

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