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José Antonio Ruiz

  • José Antonio Ruiz © EFE

    José Antonio Ruiz © EFE



Dance, Flamenco



Date of birth


" Dancer and choreographer. He has served as director of the Spanish National Ballet and created choreographies for top national and international companies."

José Antonio Ruiz de la Cruz was born in 1951, and first performed on stage in Buenos Aires at the age of eight. In 1964 he joined the company of María Rosa. Together with the Madrid-born dancer Luisa Aranda he set up the Ballet Siluetas in 1972, for which he created his first choreographies. The Spanish National Ballet was founded in 1978 and headed by Antonio Gades, and José Antonio was named its first dancer; between 1986 and 1992 he served as its director. In 1994, he established the company named José Antonio y los Ballets Españoles, as well as choreographing productions for Julio Bocca, Carla Fracci and Aida Gómez. In 1997 he was appointed director of the Andalusian Dance Company and in 2004 he took over from Antonio Najarro as head of the Spanish National Ballet. His contract in this position lasts until September 2011.



National Dance Award (1997)
Gold Medal for Merit in Fine Arts (2005)

Essential works

  • 'Aires de villa y corte'. Spanish National Ballet © EFE

    Aires de villa y corte

    The image of an era. The style of dance known as the escuela bolera and the typical settings and costumes from the time of Goya are at the heart of this production by the dancer and choreographer José Antonio Ruiz.

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  • 'El Café de Chinitas'. Spanish National Ballet © EFE

    El Café de Chinitas

    The singing café in Malaga of the same name is the focus of this ballet, which was created in its first version by the celebrated flamenco artiste Encarnación López, 'la Argentinita'.

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  • Costume designs by Yvonne Blake for 'The Three-cornered Hat'. National Ballet © Ministerio de Cultura

    El sombrero de tres picos

    Tradition and modernity. A splendid production in which the music by the composer Falla, the choreography by José Antonio Ruiz and the recovered stage design by Salvador Dalí all share the spotlight.

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  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Elegía – Homenaje a Antonio

    Years after his death, the dancer and choreographer Antonio Ruiz Soler, Antonio 'el Bailarín' received a well-deserved homage from his colleague in the profession, José Antonio Ruiz.

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  • 'La leyenda'. Spanish National Ballet © Ministerio de Cultura J. Vallina

    La leyenda

    The 'legend' in the title of this ballet is none other than the legendary flamenco dancer and singer Carmen Amaya, to whom the choreographer José Antonio Ruiz pays homage in this production.

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Other highlighted works

  • Con mi soledad
  • Blanco y negro
  • Elegía andaluza
  • El corazón de piedra verde


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