In this section you can search all our contents throughout the different stages in the history of art in Spain, to find styles such as Baroque, Gothic, Mudejar and many, many more.

Picasso. 'Guernica' Modernism and Avant-garde movements The turn of the century brought new winds of modernity. The aesthetic sensibility of the time was marked by a different, freer attitude towards art and life.


In this section you can search among all our contents by topic to find the different resources available in Spain, such as museums, routes, destinations, monuments and many, many more.


This section provides access to all the contents in a personalised way, according to your own particular interests and socio-demographic profile.

Gonzalo Torrente Ballester

  • Gonzalo Torrente Ballester © Chema Conesa / EL MUNDO

    Gonzalo Torrente Ballester © Chema Conesa / EL MUNDO






Date of birth

Jun 13, 1910

Date of death


"Author of the trilogy ‘Los gozos y las sombras’, one of the major works in 20th-century Spanish literature."

He was born in Los Corrales de Serantes (A Coruña) in 1910 and moved to Madrid to study Philosophy and Arts in 1928. After gaining a degree in History in Santiago de Compostela, he worked as an auxiliary teacher at the same university. Although he was originally an anarchist, he joined the Falangists after the war, but left in 1942. He was expelled from his professorship in Madrid in 1962, due to political reasons. In 1966, he left Spain to teach in the United States. He moved to Salamanca in 1975, where he taught until his death in 1999. He occupied chair E in the Spanish Royal Academy. In 1982, he won the Príncipe de Asturias Literary Prize, and the Cervantes Prize in 1985.


Critics’ Narrative in Spanish Award (1973)
National Literature Award (1981)
Príncipe de Asturias Award for Literature (1982)
Cervantes Award (1985)
Planeta Prize (1998)
Azorín Prize (1994)
Castile-Leon Award for Literature (1995)

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image

    The Island of Hyacinths Cut

    Novel by Gonzalo Torrente Ballester about the relationship between men and women, with which his “fantastic trilogy” is concluded.

    More info
  • Work of culture - Generic image

    The saga/Escape of J.B.

    Masterpiece by the writer Gonzalo Torrente Ballester which marks the start of a new golden age of Hispanic literature.

    More info
  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Los gozos y las sombras

    Trilogy by Gonzalo Torrente Ballester depicting Galician society before the Spanish Civil War.

    More info
  • Furrows (Original Spanish Title: Surcos) ©EFE

    Furrows (script)

    Under the premises of the Italian neo-realist genre, this salient drama takes on the subject of rural exodus from the country to the city. 

    More info

Other highlighted works

  • Don Juan
  • Filomeno a mi pesar
  • Crónica del rey pasmado

More information

spain is culture