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Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos

  • Image of the work 'Ifigenia' by the Neo-classical author Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos © EFE

    Image of the work 'Ifigenia' by the Neo-classical author Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos © EFE






Date of birth

Jan 5, 1744

Date of death


" Writer, politician and jurist. He was one of the most important Spaniards in the so-called Age Enlightenment."

He was born in Gijón in 1744. He studied in Oviedo, Ávila and Alcalá de Henares. He earned a PhD in Canons (1761) and joined the Administration. In 1767 he went to Seville as a crime officer, a lawyer who worked in certain rooms in the Courts and Chancery. In 1787 he presented the play "El delincuente honrado". He wrote the moralising and Neo-classical epistles, "Jovino a sus amigos de Salamanca", and "A sus amigos de Sevilla", a sentimental piece. He was accused of introducing a copy of "El contrato social" by Rousseau into Spain and was imprisoned and deported to Majorca (1801). He lived in La Cartuja de Valldemossa monastery until May 1802, where he wrote "Memoria sobre educación pública". Confined to the Bellver Castle, he was released after the Mutiny of Aranjuez (1808). He died in Puerto de Vega in 1811.

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Memoria para el arreglo de la policía de los espectáculos y diversiones públicas, y sobre su origen en España

    At the height of the Spanish Enlightenment, Gaspar de Jovellanos is an assertion in favour of theatre as a way to learn in society.

    More info

Other highlighted works

  • El delincuente honrado
  • Jovino a su amigos de Salamanca
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