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Gabriel Celaya

  • Gabriel Celaya © EFE

    Gabriel Celaya © EFE






Date of birth

Mar 18, 1911

Date of death


" Poet. He was a member of the post-war literary generation, and is one of the best exponents of the ‘poetry of engagement’ in Spain."

Rafael Gabriel Múgica Celaya was born in Hernani, Guipúzcoa in 1911. He was a member of the Student Residence in Madrid. In 1935, he finished his studies and returned home to work in the family business and published his first book. In 1947, he funded the poetry collection ‘Norte’, together with his wife, Amparo Gastón. In 1956, he stopped working as an engineer to dedicate himself to writing. It was at this time that he wrote his most socially engaged poetry. He was against the Franco regime, and after the dictatorship ended, he stood as the Communist party’s candidate for Guipúzcoa in the 1977 general election. His career as a poet was rewarded in 1986 with the National Spanish Literature Prize. He died in Madrid in 1991.


Critics' Award (1957)
Libera Stampa International Award (1963)
Etna-Taormina International Award (1967)
Atalaya Award (1967)
National Spanish Literature Award (1986)

Essential works

  • Work of culture - Generic image

    Lo demás es silencio

    Collection of poems with a marked social content by Gabriel Celaya, as he wavers between existentialism and Marxism.

    More info

Other highlighted works

  • Las cosas como son
  • La marea del silencio
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