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Federico de Madrazo

  • Artist / Creator - Generic image





Date of birth

Feb 9, 1815

Date of death


" Painter and lithographer. The quality of his portraits of the members of the Court and personalities of cultural life earned him international fame. He was director of the Royal Academy of San Fernando and the Prado Museum."

He was born in Rome in 1815. The son of José de Madrazo y Agudo from Santander, who was the Court painter, director of the Royal Academy of San Fernando and the King's Gallery (subsequently the Prado Museum). He was the most sought-after Spanish painter of the second third of the 19th century, and had an unrivalled reputation both in Spain and abroad. This was thanks to his family background, his social situation, and above all to his early artistic training by his father. He was the brother of Pedro de Madrazo, a celebrated man of letters, critic and author of several of the first catalogues in the Prado Museum. Another of his brothers, Juan, was the architect who planned the restoration of León Cathedral. He died in Madrid in 1894.

Essential works

  • Seven drawings in pencil by Federico Madrazo. Madrid © Biblioteca Nacional de España

    Seven drawings in pencil by Federico Madrazo

    Spanish National Library (Madrid)

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  • Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz, ‘Matilde de Aguilera y Gamboa’. Cerralbo Museum, Madrid © Ministerio de Cultura

    Matilde de Aguilera y Gamboa

    This is a portrait of one of the favourite sisters of the Marquis of Cerralbo, and was painted to highlight her beauty.

    Cerralbo Museum (Madrid)

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  • Federico de Madrazo, 'Sánchez the sailor'. National Museum of Romanticism, Madrid © Ministerio de Cultura

    Sánchez the sailor

    This painting is Federico de Madrazo's masterpiece within the speciality of male portraits.

    National Museum of Romanticism (Madrid)

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  • Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda © Museo de la Fundación Lázaro Galdiano

    Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda

    Because of its noble elegance, it is one of the most famous female portraits by Federico de Madrazo, the main representative of Spanish painting in the second half of the 19th century.

    Lázaro Galdiano Museum (Madrid)

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Other highlighted works

  • Portrait of Doña Amalia de Llano, Countess Vilches
  • Portrait of Isabella II
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