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Bartolomé Esteban Murillo

  • Bartolomé Esteban Murillo © Iberfoto

    Bartolomé Esteban Murillo © Iberfoto






Date of birth

Dec 31, 1617

Date of death


" Painter. He was one of the major representatives of Spanish Baroque. The popular subjects of his religious paintings brought the Counter Reformation to the common people."

He was born in Seville in 1617. In 1633, he began his training in the workshop of Juan del Castillo. His work, along with that of Valdés Leal, marks the latest stage of the Spanish Baroque era and focused on, for the most part, religious themes. He founded a prestigious art school in 1660. He also painted delicate scenes of children and adolescents, as well as portraits. His painting, heavily influenced by Van Dyck, is adapted to Spanish taste and devotion, and he became an artist of great popularity. Murillo's influence on Spanish painting lasted until the 19th century, mainly in Seville. He is currently considered one of the great masters and his paintings are distributed in all the great museums of the world. He died in Cadiz in 1682.

Essential works

  • 'La Colosal (Immaculate Conception)'. Seville Museum of Fine Arts © Ministerio de Cultura

    La Colosal (Immaculate Conception)

    In this painting Murillo establishes a new iconographic prototype with representations of great dynamic force and movement.

    Seville Museum of Fine Arts (Seville)

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  • 'Virgin with Child (Virgin of the Napkin)'. Seville Museum of Fine Arts © Ministerio de Cultura

    Virgin with Child (Virgin of the Napkin)

    The charm of this wonderful composition is due to Murillo's skill in moving us to piety through his depiction of everyday scenes.

    Seville Museum of Fine Arts (Seville)

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  • Stigmatization of Saint Francis. Cadiz Museum © Ministerio de Cultura

    The Stigmatization of Saint Francis

    This was Murillo's last commission before his death. It was produced for the convent of the Capuchin friars in Cádiz.

    Cadiz Museum (Cádiz)

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  • ‘Foundation of Santa María Maggiore in Rome: I. The Dream of the Patrician John’ © Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

    Foundation of Santa María Maggiore in Rome: I. The dream of the Patrician John

    This is one of Murillo’s most important pictorial compositions, both for its size and its ambition, and the masterly approach used in the pictorial narration.

    Prado Museum (Madrid)

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  • ‘The Immaculate Conception of the Venerable Ones or of Soult’ © Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

    The Immaculate Conception of the Venerables, or of Soult

    An extraordinary example of Baroque art, because of the loose and firm brushstrokes, a helical composition, the use of light and the feeling of movement.

    Prado Museum (Madrid)

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Other highlighted works

  • Holy Family with a Bird
  • The Good Shepherd
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