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Antonio de Nebrija

  • Antonio de Nebrija © CAGP/Iberfoto

    Antonio de Nebrija © CAGP/Iberfoto






Date of birth


Date of death


" Humanist, philologist and Latinist. He holds a distinguished place in the history of the Spanish language thanks to his work as the author of the first grammar manual and the first dictionary."

Antonio Martínez de Cala y Jarava was born in Lebrija in 1444, and died in Alcalá de Henares in 1522. He studied Humanities in Salamanca. At the age of 19 he moved to Italy, where he earned a reputation as a faculty member at the Royal College of Spain in Bologna. He taught grammar and rhetoric in Salamanca. Under the protection of Cardinal Juan de Zúñiga, who released him from his teaching obligations, he wrote his major works of grammar. In 1492 he published his famous work 'Gramática castellana' ('Castilian grammar') with which he guaranteed his place in history. Nebrija dedicated this famous tome to Queen Isabella 'la Católica'. In 1502 he also participated as a Latinist in the compilation of the work that would become known as the 'Biblia Políglota Complutense', under the auspices of Cardinal Cisneros.

Essential works

  • «Grammatica» © Biblioteca Nacional de España


    Pioneering work of Castilian letters by the humanist Antonio de Nebrija.

    More info
  • 'Introductiones latinae'. National Public Library in Toledo © Ministerio de Cultura

    Introductiones latinae

    This is the only known example of this edition which is held in a public library.

    National Public Library in Toledo/Library of Castile-La Mancha (Toledo)

    More info
  • Castilian Spanish grammar. Madrid © Biblioteca Nacional de España

    Incunabula of ‘Castilian Spanish grammar’

    Created by Antonio de Nebrija under the patronage of Juan de Zúñiga, it is considered to be the first grammar of the Spanish language and the first in a vulgar tongue to be printed in Europe.

    Spanish National Library (Madrid)

    More info
  • Introductiones latinae. Madrid © Biblioteca Nacional de España

    Introductiones latinae

    This is Antonio de Nebrija’s most important work. It was the first manual of Latin grammar to be written in Spain, and the most important Latin study text of its period.

    Spanish National Library (Madrid)

    More info
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